On 21 May 2019, the Cabinet of Ministers reviewed the Ministry of Economics report regarding the synchronisation of the power networks of the Baltic States with continental Europe networks, and confirmed the vision of synchronising the power networks of Latvia and Europe in 2025.
The Cabinet of Ministers also supported the signing of connection agreement (Agreement on the conditions of the future interconnection of power system of Baltic States and power system of continental Europe – C FI agreement) by AS ‘Augstsprieguma tīkls’ and after implementation of Catalogue of Measures, issued by ENTSO-E also signing of synchronisation agreement with continental Europe (SAFA agreement - Synchronous Area Framework Agreement for Regional Group Continental Europe).
Baltic electrical power networks synchronisation with continental Europe will increase the energy security of the Baltic states, reinforce participation in the EU energy market, and reduce energy dependence from the third countries, Russia and Belarus.
Integration with EU energy systems is a logical next development step, both from the market development prospective and from EU energy security of supply priorities. Over recent years, an increasingly important role in the Baltic states is playing possibility of energy supply from other EU countries; furthermore, the cooperation of EU member states in the energy fields and solidarity policy have been progressing a great deal as well.
The preparation works of Baltic States integrating into the EU energy system are on-going several years now, with preparation a lot of studies about the expected electric transmission operating modes, and the costs related to them, as well as the most economical and technically effective solutions for integrating to the continental Europe energy systems.
As reported, the Baltic States have made a political decision to disconnect from the so-called BRELL energy systems, which connects Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia with Belarus and Russia, and connect to power system of continental Europe. Historically, the electric power systems of Latvia and other Baltic states were designed as part of the electric power system of the former Soviet Union, which is why after these countries regained their independence in 1991, they still had their historical power transmission infrastructure, continuing cooperation synchronously with Russia and Belarus.